How to introduce a stray cat into the house with another cat?

by Anonymous

Anyone with experience introducing a stray cat into the house with another cat?

I brought in an abandoned cat about four weeks ago and my inside cat went crazy.

She hid in the basement for several days and I was finally able to get her into my bedroom with litter, food and water.

She seems so afraid and depressed because her world has suddenly gotten smaller. Meanwhile, the new kitty who I de-flead, and took to the vet for shots, has the run of the house.

She's not aggressive at all and pays little attention to my cat, but I feel bad and don't know what to do.

I have a gate up in the hallway so my cat is safe in the bedroom, but I would like her to get up enough braveness to venture out and see that all is well and the new kitty is no threat.

I have done the smell things with the food and toys, but doesn't seem to have helped. Will it just take time, or is there more I should do? Help!!!

Editor's note: Thank you for taking in a stray cat! Introductions can be tricky. I know you said that you've done the "smell things" but there's often a bit more to it than that.

I'm not sure what else you've done and it's a process that starts by satisfying your existing cat's need to own the territory.

So, I'm going to run through this so that others who read this will get the full picture and we'll help you in the process.

Since your existing cat is having issues with the new cat being there, I suggest you roll back the clock and confine the new cat to a room (but not your bedroom), and follow the process outlined below.

The thing is, it doesn't matter how non-threatening the new cat seems to be. What matters is how your existing cat perceives the situation and how the introduction is done.

Right now, your existing cat is feeling like the outsider. We need to get her back to feeling confident and top cat.

Ready? Here we go...

The very first thing you do when you bring a new cat into the house (other than take it to the vet) is you set up a safe room.

This is where you quarantine the new cat. Set up a cat proof room with all of the amenities:

1) Preferably a sunny room.
2) Toys to play with.
3) A bed to sleep in.
4) A litter box.
5) A food and water bowl.

What you've described here in your house is the opposite. Your existing cat is in quarantine, and the newcomer is the king of the house. It should be the other way around.

There are several reasons why we quarantine the new cat. They include:

1) To establish a routine and get the new cat used to the home, including litter box habits for the new cat.

2) To monitor for signs of disease and prevent disease transmission to the existing cat.

3) To prevent confrontation and allow for a less threatening and controlled way to introduce the new cat to your existing cat.

Introductions need to be done slowly, and your existing cat will feel less threatened if everything remains the same except for that small space in the house that the newcomer has been given.

No one would like it if their new roommate moved in and took over the house. Your cat likes it even less and was not even given the choice of saying no to the newcomer!

Confining the new cat also reduces the chance that the new cat will bring in a disease or parasites and infect the existing resident cat.

Cats that come from shelters may have upper respiratory infections and they may not start showing symptoms until they've been in your house for a couple of days. It's better to be safe than sorry.

The new cat will be able to get used to the new home in relative safety and not have to battle head-to-head for territory with a resident cat.

Some people will use a cage for the quarantine period. Others will simply confine the new cat to a room, much as you have done with your existing cat. A towel stuffed under the door is often enough to prevent actual contact and fighting.

The initial quarantine takes place with no contact between the two animals. This is done for safety and prevention of disease. After a period of days, depending upon the
level of health of the new cat, the existing cat, and the probability of spreading disease, the initial quarantine is then lifted.

But, the new cat remains confined to the safe room. Then, the introductions start.

The first introduction is not really an introduction at all. We allow the cats to smell each other while they remain separated.

How? By "scent swapping" using a towel or rag with the new cat's scent on it. Take a clean rag and wipe the new cat down with it. Then, wipe your existing cat with the same rag.

Then go back to the new cat and wipe again. Keep doing this back and forth several times a day for several days. I also recommending getting both cats to sleep on blankets or cat beds, and swapping the blankets or beds back and forth as well as toys.

This begins to develop what's sometimes called the communal scent and helps to grease the wheels, so to speak. If the cats smell like each other, it's much easier when they come face-to-face.

I'm guessing that's what you mean by the "smell things."

You can also sometimes tell how a resident cat will take to a new cat by taking the new cat's toy with the scent on it and giving it to the resident cat. If the resident cat acts relaxed, that may be a good sign.

Territory swap

Next we graduate to territory swapping. Your resident cat gets moved into the safe room and is confined there. Your new cat gets moved out to the rest of the house (or a small section of the rest of the house).

Both cats will instinctively begin to scent up the area, moving the environment more towards that communal scent. Swap the cats back and forth several times and let them scent the place up.

Play sessions

Next, with everyone back in their respective areas, remove the towel from under the door and encourage "under the door" play. A wand or fishing pole type toy can be good for this. A pleasurable activity such as play with both cats near each other greases the wheels some more.

Feed them at the same time

At feeding time, place your resident cat's feeding bowl right outside the door to the room, and your new cat's bowl on the other side of the door so that both cats can engage in eating near each other. You can do this with treat time as well.

Rinse and repeat

Keep repeating these play and feeding sessions for a while and what will typically happen is that one of the cats will begin to reach out to the other under the door.

They may play. They may hiss and growl, it just depends.

This introduction period can last anywhere from several days to several weeks, depending upon the personalities of the cats involved. Normally, there will be more play and less hiss over time.

Side-by-side meeting

At some point, it's time to put them together in a room and see how they do. Side-by-side (not face-to-face) feedings are good for this to keep them distracted.

Throughout the process, both cats need attention and playtime, and your existing cat needs to be reassured through extra attention.

In your situation, this slow introduction process has been short circuited and your resident cat has become fearful and feels threatened. You need to provide an environment for her where she can take back her territory. It starts with confining the new cat and going through the introduction process.

In a nutshell:

Quarantine the new cat.

After the initial quarantine period (most people I've talked to will do 3 to 10 days), the cats remain separated, but it's time to start "scent swapping."

Next, start territory swapping.

Next, start doing pleasurable activities with both cats on either side of the door. Do under the door "play and greet" and mutual feeding/treat time.

Keep repeating the scent swapping, territory swapping and fun time activities.

If you have a sliding glass door, an interesting test is to put them on opposite sides of the door and see how they react when they can see each other in full view. Try feeding them like that as well.

When there's less obvious aggressive behavior, start putting the cats together. Use your judgement, and supervise them together. After there has been peace and both cats are acting normally, you can integrate them full time.

I hope that helps. Please leave us a comment and let us know how they're getting along as time goes on.

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There is always a risk
by: William

There's always a risk when introducing two or more cats. Declawed cats have a disadvantage, obviously, but can live together with cats with claws. When introducing a declawed cat to a cat with claws, I would follow the steps, but go more slowly.

I would also add one more thing... there is a difference between a friendly stray cat and a feral cat, which is basically a wild cat or a cat that has reverted to a wild state. Assessing the difference can be hard, but if the cat is friendly to humans, it's not likely feral, it's a stray. Taking in a stray cat is generally much easier than trying to tame a feral cat, but can still be a challenge. It may take a stray cat quite some time to get comfortable with their new surroundings and the creatures they now have to live with.

Introducing a younger female stray cat with claws to our 18 yr old declawed female domestic cat8yr old
by: Anonymous

Hi I read what you posted about how to get a stay cat used to an indoor cat.

Seems to be something we would like to try. However, the difference is that our indoor cat, is declawed & 18 yrs old.

Do you think we should even try the steps u had indicated, or just have the feral cat stay outside, & just continue to kp her outside, & gv her food, water treats, TLC & play time & just make sure her she has comfortable living quarters, according to the weather & temperature?

Great tips thank you
by: Anonymous

Hi there - These tips are great! Thank you so much. One of my semi-feral cats seems to have taken a liking to being indoors. So have been following this process for @1 month. I have 2 resident indoor only cats. Things have been very slow but progressing nicely. I am at the stage where each resident cat has had light interactions with the "new" cat, but very controlled and brief. The interactions have been neutral and even a little positive with some paw playing under the door. The cats have not yet been loose around one another but hopefully heading in this direction.

In other news, I have a second semi-feral who does not seem to like either being confined all day OR my resident cats. (But is friendly with the other semi-feral who seems to like being indoors full time and also seems to like my indoor kitties).So for the second semi-feral, I let this one out during the daytime and bring it in at nighttime. I have decided to accept it’s probably not going to interact with my indoor cats and just keep them separated.

House move
by: Angela

I have recently moved to Spain and started feeding a street cat. I have had her neutered and vet checked. After a couple of months our dog joined us followed by our cat. The dog is fine but every time the cat ventures out she gets chased and attacked by the street cat. I feel sorry for her as she loved being outside in the uk.
Is there anything I can do to help matters?
Any advice would be very welcome.

Opposite Situation
by: Casey

Hello! I have an almost completely opposite situation. Several feral cats have lived underneath our house for some time, but recently a very small (probably not quite a year old) cat became super affectionate. She spent over a month just living near our backdoor, rubbing up against us and constantly trying to get in the house. A little over a week ago she actually ran in (a couple of times in one day) and spent the entire night meowing and scratching at our windows and doors trying to get back in. The next morning we brought her in and quarantined her in our office. We took her to the vet for shots and she was spayed the next day. She's still staying in the office a week later, but we do let her come out for short periods of time to get acquainted with the house and our other cat. Our current cat, Todd, is slightly skeptical, but really more curious than anything. He just looks at her. When he tries to get close in a non-threatening way the new cat, Smokey, hisses and growls. And when they're in the same room, even just lying down, she gets super territorial and almost possessive. I'm hoping that because she's young she'll get accustomed to not having to fight for food or shelter, and will phase out of being mean to Todd. But do you have any suggestions? I plan to give it a couple of months at least, but ultimately I want them both to feel happy and safe.

Crate or cage
by: Kurt (Admin)

@Graycie's human,

Yes, in close quarters or where confinement is difficult, a crate or large cage for the newcomer can work. Ideally, though, there would be a partition or curtain or some way of keeping them from seeing each other at first.

I wish you the best with them and thanks for taking in the strays. :)

Adaptation for 1 br apartment?
by: Graycie's human


My situation is virtually identical to OP's but we live in an apartment with only the bedroom and bathroom having doors for quarantine. Resident cat has claimed the bedroom and won't venture beyond so new (ex-stray) cat displaced her from entire rest of house.

How would you advise adapting your recommended protocol for a 1 br? New cat, though middle aged, is so curious that if the br door is even cracked open he wants in making resident cat even more anxious. Maybe trying a crate for new cat part of the time so resident cat can keep her bedroom and start reclaiming rest of house?

Thoughts? Other recommendations?

Fingers crossed. Thank you so much,

The Three MuskaTEARS :(

Introducing a new traumatized cat
by: Darlene

I had introduced a new cat when JJ's buddy died. Siamese cats really mourn deeply. The first one was a kitten, 7 months old, a rescue from the Humane Society.

JJ heard the meow and got very excited. He thought his buddy was back. When I took her out of the box, he took one look at her (an orange tabby), went into the living room and cried the most sad moan I have ever heard, tears streaming down his face.

He was so sad. A month later he was still mourning his buddy.

I brought in a Siamese kitten that a woman had to give away. This kitten had known only love as did JJ.

When they saw each other it was instant love. The photo I posted was how they had been right to the end of JJ's life.

This one is another obstacle, Caesar who has known only love and Luke who had a tragic life in his short years.

I have tried all the suggestions except quarantining my cat in Luke's room. I hate putting Caesar into isolation that way.

I was thinking of perhaps re-homing Luke to a good home with no pets as he is excellent with people and children.

His injuries were from other stray cats. He seems to remember it well. He is male and so is Caesar.

He doesn't seem to have any issues with the female. They ignore each other. I am scheduled for surgery May 2 and am really worried about the house situation with them even though someone will be here when I am in the hospital.

Brought several cats together
by: Yvonne

I recently adopted a cat that probably would've been put down if I had not taken her. She does not like cats at all. She growls, hisses and runs from them.

In the home she was in the cats attacked her and she had open wounds on her back and tail. My cats are not real aggressive and pretty much ignored her but she still will hiss and growl at them. Two of my 6 cats will chase her and swat at her but so far they have not hurt her.

When she first came, she hid behind the couch. I was home for a few days so I was able to supervise them. She hid behind the couch for about a day and a half (she is a big healthy girl so I wasn’t worried about her missing a meal).

She finally came out and sat near me and just growled at the other cats. They again ignored her.

I do think if she had figured out they were not going to hurt her like the other cats they would've just ignored her, but she kept hissing and growling.

I kept her near me and kept the other cats away for a while. A few months later they do get a lot better, but again 2 of my six will chase her.

I do believe one wants to play and it's fun to chase her. They have not hurt her.

I do think the steps in this article are good but not for all cats. I had a kitten that fit in right away. Another cat that hid but when she figured out the other cats would not hurt her she became social and plays with the youngest one.

It does depend on the cats involved. Not every cat is the same. The steps here are suggestions. Go by your instincts!

I didn't have to do any of this!
by: Anonymous

Was I lucky? When I brought in a stray kitten, I put them together right away and I never had any issues. Once the kitten got older they started some more aggressive play, but they have never hurt each other.

They are not "besties' by any means, but they both sleep with me on my bed, they take turns with belly and head rubs, they play with toys together they do eat separate, but in the same room. They are on the same schedule and keep each other company when I travel overnight, which is often.

I guess I am not the norm, but I am grateful that I had this experience.

Good Luck everyone and save a kitty and make your life better!

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